Online Japanese Chinese Kanji Character Dictionary of Dictionaries
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Online Japanese Chinese Kanji Character Dictionary
A comprehensive, illustrated dictionary with etymologies, pictographs & definitions in English, displaying also Hiragana and Katakana, the Kana used in Nihongo

Comprehensive Online Japanese Chinese Kanji Character Dictionary of Dictionaries
Japanese English Kanji Word DictionaryKanji Stroke Order Count Word DictionaryKanji Radical Word DictionaryKanji (Hiragana & Katakana) ON Word DictionaryKanji (Hiragana & Katakana) KUN Word DictionaryChinese Kanji Character Word Family DictionaryJapanese (Nihongo) Kanji Character Word Dictionary Glossary
Kanji Kana English  

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  The element minus "words" originally combined the element cliff (immediately beneath which objects adhere) + a crouching person, suggesting a person crouching in concealment beneath a cliff. The image of crouching came to be associated with that of "crouch under a burden," following which the addition of "words" suggested "endure another person's burdensome, annoyingly verbose speech." In the compound characters below, the significance is "bear/encompass a burden." In contemporary Japanese orthography, the compound characters at top left and right use a simplified form of this element. (Part 1 of 2) Watch kanji video »
Bear/encompass a burden
adds hand/action indicator to emphasize the meanings shoulder a load, bear, undertake, and load.
adds person to emphasize a person bearing a load/burden. Thus the meaning bear a burden.
adds heart/emotions to suggest "bear anxiety and maintain a calm front."
Bear/encompass a burden
adds flesh to indicate gallstones burdening a gallbladder. Courage is by extension (courage welling from deep within; compare English "guts"), with pluck and nerve by further extension.
adds bamboo to indicate a roof bearing the weight of eaves. Thus the meaning eaves. Compare the character below.
adds tree/wood to indicate a roof bearing/encompassing eaves (compare the character above). Brim and rim are associated meanings, while bear/carry (on the shoulders) is a borrowed meaning.
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Many kanji with ON (Sino-Japanese) readings ending –TSU (KATSU, SETSU, TOTSU etc.) have meanings connected with the idea "cut/divide/reduce." What is the principal ON reading of 穴 hole (originally, "dig a hole")?

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